German Shorthaired Pointer
The German Shorthaired Pointer (sometimes referred to as the "GSP" or
"shorthair") was first admitted into the AKC Stud Book in March 1930.
The first AKC Licensed Specialty Show for the breed was held in Chicago on
March 29-30, 1941 at the International Kennel Club Show. GSPs are versatile hunters
and all-purpose gun dogs. They are hardy dog who makes a great companion in the
field or the home. GSPs need exercise, which makes him better suited for families
who live in a country setting. They're an affectionate breed who love their home
and family, and will definately keep that family active.
The German Shorthaired Pointer is a versatile hunter, an all-purpose gun dog
capable of high performance in field and water. The judgement of Shorthairs in the
show ring reflects this basic characteristic. The overall picture which is created
in the observer's eye is that of an aristocratic, well balanced, symmetrical
animal with conformation indicating power, endurance and agility and a look of
intelligence and animation. The dog is neither unduly small nor conspicuously
large. It gives the impression of medium size, but is like the proper hunter, "with
a short back, but standing over plenty of ground." Symmetry and field quality
are most essential. A dog in hard and lean field condition is not to be penalized;
however, overly fat or poorly muscled dogs are to be penalized. A dog well
balanced in all points is preferable to one with outstanding good qualities and
defects. Grace of outline, clean-cut head, sloping shoulders, deep chest, powerful
back, strong quarters, good bone composition, adequate muscle, well carried
tail and taut coat produce a look of nobility and indicate a heritage of
purposefully conducted breeding. Further evidence of this heritage is movement
which is balanced, alertly coordinated and without wasted motion.
Size, Proportion, Substance
Size - height of dogs, measured at the withers, 23 to 25 inches.
Height of bitches, measured at the withers, 21 to 23 inches. Deviations of one
inch above or below the described heights are to be severely penalized. Weight
of dogs 55 to 70 pounds. Weight of bitches 45 to 60 pounds.
Proportion - measuring from the forechest to the rearmost
projection of the rump and from the withers to the ground, the Shorthair is
permissibly either square or slightly longer than he is tall.
Substance - thin and fine bones are by no means desirable in a dog
which must possess strength and be able to work over any type of terrain. The
main importance is not laid so much on the size of bone, but rather on the
bone being in proper proportion to the body. Bone structure too heavy or too
light is a fault. Tall and leggy dogs, dogs which are ponderous because of excess
substance, doggy bitches, and bitchy dogs are to be faulted.
The head is clean-cut, is neither too light nor too heavy, and is in proper
proportion to the body. The eyes are of medium size, full of intelligence and
expression, good-humored and yet radiating energy, neither protruding nor sunken.
The eye is almond shaped, not circular. The preferred color is dark brown.
Light yellow eyes are not desirable and are a fault. Closely set eyes are to
be faulted. China or wall eyes are to be disqualified. The ears are broad and
set fairly high, lie flat and never hang away from the head. Their placement
is just above eye level. The ears when laid in front without being pulled, should
extend to the corner of the mouth. In the case of heavier dogs, the ears are
correspondingly longer. Ears too long or fleshy are to be faulted. The skull is
reasonably broad, arched on the side and slightly round on top. Unlike the
Pointer, the median line between the eyes at the forehead is not too deep and
the occipital bone is not very conspicuous. The foreface rises gradually from
nose to forehead. The rise is more strongly pronounced in the dog than in the
bitch. The jaw is powerful and the muscles well developed. The line to the
forehead rises gradually and never has a definite stop as that of the Pointer,
but rather a stop-effect when viewed from the side, due to the position of the
eyebrows. The muzzle is sufficiently long to enable the dog to seize game
properly and be able to carry it for a long time. A pointed muzzle is not
desirable. The depth is in the right proportion to the length, both in the
muzzle and in the skull proper. The length of the muzzle should equal the
length of skull. A dish-shaped muzzle is a fault. A definite Pointer stop is
a serious fault. Too many wrinkles in the forehead is a fault. The nose is brown,
the larger the better, and with nostrils well opened and broad. A spotted nose
is not desirable. A flesh colored nose disqualifies. The chops fall away
from the somewhat projecting nose. Lips are full and deep yet are never
flewy. The teeth are strong and healthy. The molars intermesh properly. The
bite is a true scissors bite. A perfect level bite is not desirable and must
be penalized. Extreme overshot or undershot disqualifies.
Neck, Topline, Body
The neck is of proper length to permit the jaws reaching game to be
retrieved, sloping downwards on beautifully curving lines. The nape is rather
muscular, becoming gradually larger toward the shoulders. Moderate throatiness is
permitted. The skin is close and tight. The chest in general gives the impression
of depth rather than breadth; for all that, it is in correct proportion to the
other parts of the body. The chest reaches down to the elbows, the ribs
forming the thorax show a rib spring and are not flat or slabsided; they are
not perfectly round or barrel-shaped. The back ribs reach well down. The
circumference of the thorax immediately behind the elbows is smaller than that
of the thorax about a hand's breadth behind elbows, so that the upper arm has
room for movement. Tuck-up is apparent. The back is short, strong, and straight
with a slight rise from the root of the tail to the withers. The loin is
strong, is of moderate length, and is slightly arched. An excessively long,
roached or swayed back must be penalized. The hips are broad with hip sockets
wide apart and fall slightly toward the tail in a graceful curve. A steep croup
is a fault. The tail is set high and firm, and must be docked, leaving
approximately 40% of its length. The tail hangs down when the dog is quiet
and is held horizontally when he is walking. The tail must never be curved over
the back toward the head when the dog is moving. A tail curved or bent toward
the head is to be severely penalized.
The shoulders are sloping, movable, and well covered with muscle.
The shoulder blades lie flat and are well laid back nearing a 45 degree
angle. The upper arm (the bones between the shoulder and elbow joint) is
as long as possible, standing away somewhat from the trunk so that the straight
and closely muscled legs, when viewed from the front, appear to be parallel.
Elbows which stand away from the body or are too close result in toes turning
inwards or outwards and must be faulted. Pasterns are strong, short and nearly
vertical with a slight spring. Loose, short-bladed or straight shoulders
must be faulted. Knuckling over is to be faulted. Dewclaws on the forelegs
may be removed. The feet are compact, close-knit and round to spoon-shaped.
The toes are sufficiently arched and heavily nailed. The pads are strong, hard
Thighs are strong and well muscled. Stifles are well bent. Hock joints
are well angulated and strong with straight bone structure from hock to pad.
Angulation of both stifle and hock joint is such as to achieve the optimal
balance of drive and traction. Hocks turn neither in nor out. Cowhocked legs
are a serious fault.
The hair is short and thick and feels tough to the hand; it is somewhat
longer on the underside of the tail and the back edges of the haunches. The
hair is softer, thinner and shorter on the ears and the head. Any dog with
long hair in the body coat is to be severely penalized.
The coat may be of solid liver or a combination of liver and white such
as liver and white ticked, liver patched and white ticked, or liver roan.
A dog with any area of black, red, orange, lemon or tan, or a dog solid
white will be disqualified.
A smooth lithe gait is essential. It is to be noted that as gait increases
from the walk to a faster speed, the legs converge beneath the body. The
tendency to single track is desirable. The forelegs reach well ahead as if
to pull in the ground without giving the appearance of a hackney gait. The
hindquarters drive the back legs smoothly and with great power.
The Shorthair is friendly, intelligent, and willing to please. The
first impression is that of a keen enthusiasm for work without indication of
nervous or flightly character.
China or wall eyes.
Flesh colored nose.
Extreme overshot or undershot.
A dog with any area of black, red, orange, lemon, or tan, or a dog solid white.
This standard was approved August 11, 1992, and effective September 30, 1992.
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