Welsh Springer Spaniel
The American Kennel Club recognized the Welsh Springer Spaniel in 1906, but
the history of the breed begins as far back as 7000 B.C. The breed's popularity
in the U.S. is widespread now, but between the years 1926-1948, there were no
Welsh Springer Spaniels registered by the AKC.
Like most spaniels, the Welsh is a very energetic sporting dog who needs vigorous
daily exercise. The Welsh Springer makes an excellent pet for children, although
puppies may have too much energy and strength for very young children. They make
wonderful house dogs and can live in city apartments as long as they are given
lots of attention and exercise.
The Welsh Springer Spaniel is a dog of distinct variety and ancient origin,
who derives his name from his hunting style and not his relationship to other
breeds. He is an attractive dog of handy size, exhibiting substance without
coarseness. He is compact, not leggy, obviously built for hard work and endurance.
The Welsh Springer Spaniel gives the impression of length due to obliquely
angled forequarters and well developed hindquarters. Being a hunting dog, he
should be shown in hard muscled working condition. His coat should not be so
excessive as to hinder his work as an active flushing spaniel, but should be
thick enough to protect him from heavy cover and weather.
Size, Proportion, Substance
A dog is ideally 18-19 inches in height at the withers and a bitch is
17-18 inches at the withers. Any animal above or below the ideal to be
proportionately penalized. Weight should be in proportion to height and overall
balance. Length of body from the withers to the base of the tail is very slightly
greater than the distance from the withers to the ground. This body length may
be the same as the height but never shorter, thus preserving the rectangular
silhouette of the Welsh Springer Spaniel.
The Welsh Springer Spaniel head is unique and should in no way approximate that
of other spaniel breeds. Its overall balance is of primary importance. Head is
in proportion to body, never so broad as to appear coarse nor so narrow as to
appear racy. The skull is of medium length, slightly domed, with a clearly defined
stop. It is well chiseled below the eyes. The top plane of the skull is very
slightly divergent from that of the muzzle, but with no tendency toward a
down-faced appearance. A short chubby head is most objectionable.
Eyes should be oval in shape, dark to medium brown in color with a soft
expression. Preference is for a darker eye though lighter shades of brown are
acceptable. Yellow or mean-looking eyes are to be heavily penalized. Medium in
size, they are neither prominent, nor sunken, nor do they show haw. Eye rims
are tight and dark pigmentation is preferred.
Ears are set on approximately at eye level and hang close to the cheeks.
Comparatively small, the leather does not reach to the nose. Gradually narrowing
toward the tip, they are shaped somewhat like a vine leaf and are lightly feathered.
The length of the muzzle is approximately equal to, but never longer than that of
the skull. It is straight, fairly square, and free from excessive flew. Nostrils
are well developed and black or any shade of brown in color. A pink nose is to
be severely penalized. A scissors bite is preferred. An undershot jaw is to be
Neck, Topline, Body
The neck is long and slightly arched, clean in throat, and set into long,
sloping shoulders. Topline is level. The loin is slightly arched, muscular,
and close-coupled. The croup is very slightly rounded, never steep nor falling
off. The topline in combination with proper angulation fore and aft presents a
silhouette that appears rectangular. The chest is well developed and muscular
with a prominent forechest, the ribs well sprung and the brisket reaching to
the elbows. The tail is an extension of the topline. Carriage is nearly horizontal
or slightly elevated when the dog is excited. The tail is generally docked and
displays a lively action.
The shoulder blade and upper arm are approximately equal in length. The
upper arm is set well back, joining the shoulder blade with sufficient angulation
to place the elbow beneath the highest point of the shoulder blade when standing.
The forearms are of medium length, straight and moderately feathered. The legs
are well boned but not to the extent of coarseness. The Welsh Springer Spaniel's
elbows should be close to the body and its pasterns short and slightly sloping.
Height to the elbows is approximately equal to the distance from the elbows to
the top of the shoulder blades. Dewclaws are generally removed. Feet should be
round, tight and well arched with thick pads.
The hindquarters must be strong, muscular, and well boned, but not coarse.
When viewed in profile the thighs should be wide and the second thighs well
developed. The angulation of the pelvis and femur corresponds to that of the
shoulder and upper arm. Bend of stifle is moderate. The bones from the hocks to
the pads are short with a well angulated hock joint. When viewed from the side
or rear they are perpendicular to the ground. Rear dewclaws are removed. Feet
as in front.
The coat is naturally straight flat and soft to the touch, never wiry or
wavy. It is sufficiently dense to be waterproof, thornproof, and weatherproof.
The back of the forelegs, the hind legs above the hocks, chest and underside of
the body are moderately feathered. The ears and tail are lightly feathered.
Coat so excessive as to be a hindrance in the field is to be discouraged.
Obvious barbering is to be avoided as well.
The color is rich red and white only. Any pattern is acceptable and any
white area may be flecked with red ticking.
The Welsh Springer moves with a smooth, powerful, ground covering action
that displays drive from the rear. Viewed from the side, he exhibits a strong
forward stride with a reach that does not waste energy. When viewed from
the front, the legs should appear to move forward in an effortless manner with
no tendency for the feet to cross over or interfere with each other. Viewed
from the rear, the hocks should follow on a line with the forelegs, neither
too widely nor too closely spaced. As the speed increases the feet tend to
converge towards a center line.
The Welsh Springer Spaniel is an active dog displaying a loyal and
affectionate disposition. Although reserved with strangers, he is not timid,
shy nor unfriendly. To this day he remains a devoted family member and hunting
This standard was approved June 13, 1989, effective August 1, 1989.
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